Starting a Hydroponics Garden Indoors

Growing your own food is a satisfying and cost-effective way to eat healthier. But what if you don’t have space for a garden outdoors? An indoor hydroponic garden could be the answer.

Hydroponics is a method of growing plants in an aquatic-based environment instead of in soil. Though the idea of hydroponics has been around for centuries, it has caught on in the past few years as an alternative for gardeners who lack the outdoor space or resources for a traditional garden.

In the old days, hydroponics was the exclusive realm of scientists and horticulturalists. In response to recent trends towards sustainability, companies specializing in hydroponics like Indoor Farmer’s hydroponics shop have sprouted up all over. This allows ordinary people to enter the hydroponics hobby.

Here’s what you need to start a hydroponics garden indoors.

Grow Tray

The grow tray is the structure that holds your plants, growing medium, and reservoir. There are many do it yourself options for building a grow tray, but you can also purchase it from Indoor Farmer’s hydroponics shop or another hydroponics supplier.


To ensure your indoor garden gets enough light, you’ll want to invest in a good set of grow-lights. A full lighting set-up will include LED bulbs or fluorescent tubes, digital ballasts, reflectors, and hangers. Many hydroponic gardeners also used automated timers and lighting controls to make sure the plants get the right amount of light each day.

If you don’t have the time to plan out and select each of these parts, there are many starter kits available as well. Indoor farmer’s hydroponics shop has complete lighting fixtures as well as individual components.


All plants need air and water. To supply your garden with both, you will need an air pump, along with air stones and airline tubing. This also allows you to control and maintain your garden’s nutrient reservoir.

The size and model of pump you need will depend on the size of your garden. Larger gardens will likely require more than one pump. Check out this guide for help selecting a pump for your indoor hydroponics garden.


Unlike traditional gardens, a hydroponics garden indoors does not use soil. Instead, you’ll need a medium or substrate that supports water absorption and drainage. Most beginners start with a substrate of coconut coir or lightweight expanded clay aggregate (LECA.)


Like other gardens, hydroponic gardens do best when you supply the plants with nutrients. There are specialized nutrient solutions designed for hydroponics. You will add this solution to your water reservoir.


The reservoir is the container that holds your nutrient solution and air pump. Make sure you choose a container that holds enough water to support your system.